How Ovulation Testing Works

Starting a family can be one of the most challenging and exciting steps that an individual can ever take. However, trying to conceive a baby can also be very frustrating, especially if you and your partner have been trying unsuccessfully for a long time. But before you bring yourself to a fertility clinic for testing, you may want to do some testing of your own. A lot of different male and female fertility tests are now available to couples that are trying to conceive.

The sections below will help you get an accurate ovulation test result.

What Is Ovulation?

In menstrual cycle, the body begins to produce follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH facilitates the formation of a follicle on one of the ovaries. The follicle contains and nurtures the egg. When a follicle has adequately matured, a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) causes the follicle to burst and release the egg into the fallopian tube ? ovulation. The egg tours down the fallopian tubes towards the uterus. At this point, fertilisation of the egg may take place. Understanding the process of ovulation and your particular reproductive cycle can help you plan your pregnancy more effectively.

Pregnancy test is different from ovulation/fertility test. A Pregnancy test kit is associated with the detection of hCG or human chorionic gonadotropin (This hormone can be detected in the mother?s urine or blood before the woman?s missed period). HCG is first detectable in the blood as early as 7-8 days after ovulation by very sensitive HCG assays (research assays). In real life, blood pregnancy tests will be positive (> 2 mIU/ml) by 10-11 days after LH surge.

How Ovulation Testing Works?

Ovulation tests identify luteinizing hormone (LH) ? an ovulation predictor. High levels of LH cause a woman to ovulate (egg bursts from the ovarian follicle ? fertile period). Most women will ovulate within 24-36 hours after a short-lived LH surge inside her body; therefore detecting LH by a fertility test is an effective method in anticipating a fertile period.

Statistically, there are 5 fertile days in a woman?s cycle which can be determined by the following:

  • 3 days prior to ovulation, spermatozoa can survive in the female body for up to 72 hours. For that reason, sexual intercourse even up to 3 days prior to ovulation can lead to a pregnancy and 2 days of actual ovulation.
  • If no or only protected sexual intercourse takes place during this time, a pregnancy is likely to occur.

When To Take An Ovulation Test?

  1. Determine your cycle length (the number of days from the first day of menstruation to the day before the menstrual bleeding begins on the next menstrual period).
  2. If you don?t know your regular cycle length, you may start testing 9 days after the first day of your menstruation. The average cycle length of a woman is 28 days.
  3. Perform the ovulation detection each day within a five-day period or until the luteinising hormone surge has been identified.

Ovulation home kit is a tool for fertility testing that pins down the surge of luteinizing hormone and foresee ovulation – the most fertile time in a woman?s monthly cycle. This tool must not be mistaken as a way to improve your chances of success in getting yourself pregnant. The best way to conceive is regular sexual intercourse throughout the cycle. Ovulation detection is also useful if:

  • The woman has an irregular cycle that makes it more difficult to get pregnant.
  • You suspect that you are not ovulating and decide to make a test first in your own home before going to a fertility clinic.
  • One or both partners frequently work away from home and schedules sexual intercourse during a fertile period.
  • Caring for existing children that makes sex a less priority.
  • You don?t want to get pregnant by avoiding this fertile period of your cycle.

Ovulation Testing Kits Precautions

  • Follow all the instructions written in the pouch before performing the test.
  • Do not open the protective pouch until you are ready to perform the test.
  • Store the test at room temperature.
  • Check the expiration date.
  • Do not re-use.
  • Keep out of reach of children.

How To Perform Ovulation Test Properly?

The best time to do the ovulation prediction test is, as LH is synthesised in your body early in the morning, it will not appear in your urine. You still have to wait until the afternoon. The ideal time to test is in the afternoon, 2pm to be exact. Though testing may still be performed from 10am to early evening because ovulation will take place 12-48 hours after the LH surge is first detected.

Urine Collection:

  • Collect your sample between 10am and 8pm, at the same time each day for most accurate results.
  • To avoid dilution of LH in the urine sample, lessen your fluid intake two hours prior to testing.
  • Clean mid-catch urine to avoid unnecessary contamination.
  • Prepare a clean dry container for the urine sample and keep it at room temperature.

How To Know If It Is An Invalid, Negative Or A Positive Ovulation Test?
Ovulation predictor kits have different ways in telling you if it is invalid, negative or a positive result. The best thing to do that is the same to all Ovulation home kits is to read what is written in the pouch of the product and follow the instructions.

Other Natural Methods Of Ovulation Prediction

Cervical position – Observing the position of your cervix is a key element in predicting fertility. During your menstrual cycle, there is a change in the position and feel of the cervix (located at the lower part of the uterus) which can be measured and charted. During the examination, observe the following:

  • Is the cervical position easy to reach? (Rises up to the top of the vagina, may be difficult to reach)
  • Does the cervix feel soft or firm? (soft)
  • Does the entrance of the cervix feel open or closed? (is openining up)
  • Is the cervix dry, moist or very wet? (very wet)

Cervical Mucus – The amount of mucus will increase as you enter your most fertile stage. The mucus will have the appearance of raw egg white. The texture will become increasingly slippery and stretchy. The overall sensation is extremely wet.

Basal Body Temperature – For most women, 96.5 to 97.5 degrees is considered normal during the first two weeks of the menstrual cycle, prior to ovulation and 97.6 to 98.6 degrees after ovulation due to hormonal changes.

Check the links below to learn on other ways to test ovulation:

How Long After A Positive Ovulation Test Will You Take A Pregnancy Test?

Once you have performed an ovulation test and reveal a positive result, you will need to have more sexual intercourse over the following days to increase the chances of conception. The best recommendation on when to take a pregnancy test and have an accurate result is to be patient for at least until the first day when your period normally begins or until you have missed your monthly menstrual period. Otherwise you may test too soon and receive an inaccurate result that makes you more frustrated.

To increase your chances, simply test for ovulation first and then as soon as you have a positive result, have an intercourse with your partner over the next several days. Try and forget all about becoming pregnant and just be patient. If you think your period did not arrive on your expected date then think about taking a pregnancy test. This may not be the best advice to hear, but it really is the best way to have an accurate result regarding pregnancy.

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