Male infertility is the inability of a man to impregnate a fertile woman regardless of any cause after a year of unprotected sexual intercourse, using no birth control methods. Conception normally is achieved within twelve months in 80 to 85% of couples who use no contraceptive methods, and person presenting after this time should therefore be regarded as possibly infertile and should be evaluated.
According to research, male infertility is involved in approximately 40% of the more than 2 million infertile married couples. Half of these men experience irreversible infertility and cannot have children, and a small number of these cases are caused by treatable medical condition. However, exciting advances in male infertility have introduced innovative therapeutic options and are offered to men.
A good quality and sufficient numbers of sperm should be “motile” (moving actively rather than aimlessly swimming around the vagina). It should also be normally shaped rather than malformed. Enough amounts of sperms must also be competitive of escaping from the seminal fluid in which they were ejaculated and of penetrating the woman’s cervical mucus as well as the egg’s outer covering.
Problem in the sperm is the leading cause, and account for approximately 75% of male infertility cases. On average about 100-750 million sperm are ejaculated during orgasm, but only a few make it to the fallopian tube and reach the egg for fertilisation. Fewer amounts of sperm, or any problem with its quality, reduce the chances of conception. Problem of the sperm can be caused by trapped sperm inside the testicles, orchitis, sexually transmitted infections, testicles that don?t descend into the scrotum at birth are damaged by staying in the body, genetic causes (Kilinefelter syndrome), cancer drugs, hormonal causes, varicocele (enlarged veins encircles the testicles) and poor quality of sperm after vasectomy reversal.
Other causes of male infertility includes neoplasm, trauma, hydrocele, malaria, testicular dysgenesis syndrome, idiopathic oligospermia (unexplained sperm deficiencies account for 30% of infertility problems in males), tobacco smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, abuse of illegal drugs, emotional stress, obesity and age.
It is important to detect and treat any correctible problems. In some men, a doctor’s exam may find an underlying medical problem that is causing the infertility. Usually, a couple should wait to see a doctor until they’ve tried to get pregnant for a year. However, it’s fine to consult your doctor sooner. Diagnostic exams may include:
Before trying to settle down for an infertility clinic, you first must make sure about your condition with a gynaecologist and urologist. After detailed male fertility check has been made, then that’s the time for an infertility specialist to take over. Male infertility clinics are treatment centres that typically provide infertility testing and diagnosis, IVF treatment, embryo freezing, IVF egg donor, ICSI, and infertility surgery.
Joining an infertility support group can also help. When it comes to opting for an IVF clinic, it’s a great must to research ahead of time. Try to check if these IVF clinics have good quality control, their success rates, and practice of strong work ethics. Don’t let anything hinder you from having a baby.
Less than a decade ago, treatment for a severe male infertility was limited to inseminations or IVF using donor sperm. Today, exciting advances in male infertility have introduced innovative therapeutic options and are offered to men, including those with not enough sperm in their ejaculate due to genetic conditions, a greatly improved chance to conceive their won biological offspring.
More than half in the cases of male infertility can be treated. Treatment may help couples to get pregnant through normal love-making. Even if you can’t get pregnant in this way, you may not need expensive or invasive treatments to get pregnant. If you need surgery to correct the problem that is causing your infertility, it can be performed as an outpatient procedure. This means you don?t have to stay in the hospital for long.