Babies have delicate skin and most babies will have problems with their skin as they grow. Baby rashes can appear when babies come in contact with clothes, their skin is too dry, or etc. These are usually itchy and your baby may want to scratch it for relief. However, they can become infected by bacteria found under the fingernails. It is a fact that babies can get all common kinds of baby rashes such as nappy rash, baby acne, heat rash and baby eczema.
Nappy rash is very common and can happen no matter how careful you are. Some babies with the best care still get a lot of nappy rash, while others hardly get it at all so a lot depends on how sensitive the child’s skin is.
- Best way to keep the baby’s bottom as rash-free as possible is to change nappies often so that urine and poo is not in contact with skin for too long.
- Keep a close watch on the baby’s hygiene. Wash the baby’s skin gently with water or a wet cloth. If using baby wipes, choose ones without alcohol to avoid pain, especially when there is a rash present.
- After cleaning, put on some zinc cream or other nappy rash cream to keep wetness off of the skin.
- Don’t use tight-fitting plastic pants over nappies. They keep in moisture and may make things worse. And do not use powder such as talcum powder which may irritate the skin and can cause distress to your baby when inhaled.
- Make sure to leave the nappy off for a while during playtime to allow air dry the skin and if a baby has a nappy rash, it may be helpful to use disposable nappies which draw the urine away from the baby’s skin, keeping it dry.
- Do not ignore if the baby starts showing irritation on the nappy. Consult your doctor if needed.
This type of baby rash happens to babies between the ages of anywhere from two weeks old to four or five month of age. Baby acne is commonly intermittent which means you will see it come and go. The cause of baby acne has been linked to the maternal hormones which are passed on to the baby from the mother through the placenta. As a result, these hormones lead to secretion of oil in the baby’s skin causing baby acne.
- You can use a vinegar solution. Lots of people use this, and they say that it is very effective. There are lots of products on the market that contain a vinegar solution for baby acne. It is important that you find a product that has all natural ingredients.
- Use the vinegar solution very sparingly at first, to ensure that your baby’s sensitive skin won’t develop an allergic reaction to the product.
- If your baby’s acne worsens and medical advice is sought, most doctors will not prescribe a medication. They would most likely recommend cleaning the skin using a mild cleanser, and a product that has a vinegar solution for the baby rash.
Heat rash is a type of skin rash which can affect babies who have been overheated, either because they are overdressed or because it is simply too hot outside. As they become hot and sweat, their sweat ducts become blocked and rupture. If there’s a sudden development of rash in your baby’s delicate skin, check his body temperature and change his clothing so he’ll be more comfortable. It is also referred as “prickly heat”, which is also known as “miliaria rubra”, the most common kind of heat rash. In this type of heat rash, the sweat ducts becomes red and inflamed and look like small bumps with a red halo around them. It looked like they are clustered under a child’s clothing and on the creases of his skin, such as his neck, armpits, and groin. Miliaria crystallina is another kind of heat rash, but the skin doesn’t get inflamed, leading to the classic appearance of small clear vesicles, without any redness or other symptoms.
Heat rashes commonly disappear in a few days. However, there are various things you can do to relieve your child’s itching and discomfort:
- Move into well ventilated room or a place away from direct sunlight and if your child is playing, spend some time to wipe your baby?s sweat.
- Take off his clothes or dress him in cotton. Avoid thick clothing made of polyester and nylon, which traps heat; opt for cotton fibres instead. Where loose or remove his clothing and give him as much nappy-free time as you can.
- Keep his skin cool. Cool the affected areas directly using cold, wet flannels, or give your baby a tepid bath or shower.
- Apply calamine lotion evenly (avoid area near the eyes) particularly if your baby seems irritable and cries when you touch his skin.
- Apply hydrocortisone cream (1/2 per cent) per doctor or pharmacist’s advice if the rash is very severe.
- Avoid ointments and other lotions since they can make the rash worse by trapping moisture in the skin.
This type of baby rash often appears in the first year of life. Eczema is common on the the baby’s forehead, cheeks, and scalp, but it can spread to the arms, legs, chest, or other parts of the body. Eczema is not an allergic reaction to a substance. However it can be triggered by allergens in your baby’s diet or in your diet if you’re breastfeeding.
- Use a mild, fragrance-free soaps and shampoos. After you get your baby out of the tub, pat her skin dry (don’t rub), then put a liberal amount of moisturiser or emollient (an ointment, cream, or lotion that “seals in” the body’s own moisture).
- Place your baby in a well ventilated room and clothe your baby in smooth cotton fabrics.
- Sudden shift in temperature can make eczema worse, so try not to let your baby get too hot and then cool quickly, or vice versa.
- Scratching and rubbing can further irritate or inflame his skin can make the condition much worse. So help your baby avoid scratching by keeping his nails short and put to bed with cotton mittens.
- During a flare-up, you can try applying cool compresses to the area several times a day, followed by a moisturiser.